“Sorghum: Properties, Synthesis and Applications”, Book Edited By Prof Valentin M. Kindomihou at Nova Science Publishers, in New York, USA


The applications of sorghum, which have significant impacts on human and animal development, have recently increased. This book includes chapters derived from original research and the synthesis of current knowledge on specific topics in the field. It is an original collection of research findings or summaries of articles from around the world that are part of discussions on the status of sorghum and its applications in various areas of development. This volume addresses physiological, ecological, functional and genetic foundations of sorghum through the examination of theories and case studies that explain various properties, synthesis and applications. The chapters address, respectively, sorghum attributes, heterosis association and molecular mapping for grains traits, ecophysiology, reproductive competence, molecular mechanism of flowering time control, sensory and nutritional properties, mechanisms involved in allelochemical biosynthesis, and applications of bioactive compounds, i.e., polyphenolic and acidic phenolics.

This book offers essential approaches including: (i) A generic and rapid way to combine the diversity of single nucleotide polymorphisms with heterosis, which facilitates the dissection of the molecular mechanisms underlying the quality and quantity of grains in an important sorghum crop; (ii) the principles and processes of extrusion in order to obtain grains of good sensory and nutritional characteristics; (iii) the indicators in assessing the role of sorghum as a source of energy in the productivity of poultry farming systems; and (iv) some characteristics of root and foliar responses to water stress of a genotype amenable to genetic modification. It also makes a sweeping analysis concerning the progress of current research in the floral transition of sorghum and the photoperiod response.

The final chapter highlights the importance of bioactive compounds of sorghum species, mainly in fighting diseases related to human nutrition. Case studies from around the world were reported, giving readers a real view of the extent of sorghum properties along with real-world applications. This book can be used as a reference for students, scholars, professionals and political decision-makers involved in the study and management of sorghum.

This book gives to readers a real view of the extent of sorghum properties along with real-world applications strategies. It provides references to students, scholars, professionals and political decision- makers involved in the study and management of properties, synthesis and applications of sorghum.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Properties, Synthesis and Applications of Sorghum: The Manna behind the Rustic?
(Valentin Missiakô Kindomihou, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin)

Chapter 2. Heterosis Association Mapping for Grain Quality and Yield Related Traits Quantity in Sorghum Bicolor Diallel Implicates the Prevalence of Dominance Complementation
(Imri Ben-Israel, Dhruv Aditya Srivastava, Chengsong Zhu, Habte Nida, Jianming Yu, Eyal Fridman, Plant Sciences Institute, Volcani Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Bet Dagan, Israel, and others)

Chapter 3. Characterization of the Root, Biomass, Leaf, and Protein Content of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and Corn (Zea mays L.) Grown under Two Different Water Conditions
(Roland A. Yaovi Holou and Valentin M. Kindomihou, Biochemistry Department, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Photoperiodism and Control of Flowering Time in Sorghum
(Tezera W. Wolabu and Million Tadege, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Institute for Agricultural Biosciences, Oklahoma State University, OK, US)

Chapter 5. Physicochemical and Nutritional Properties of Whole White Grain Sorghum Extruded under Different Extrusion Conditions
(Emilce E. Llopart and Silvina R. Drago, Instituto de Tecnología de Alimentos, CONICET, Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina)

Chapter 6. The Use of Sorghum as an Energy Source in Poultry Diets
(Monnye Mabelebele, Rob Mervyn Gous, Helen Victoria Massey O’Neil and Paul Ade Iji, University of South Africa, College of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Florida Campus, Rooderport, Johannesburg, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 7. Applications of Bioactive Compounds from Sorghum Species
(Monica Butnariu and Alina Butu, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, Timis, Romania, and others)


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Sorghum: Properties, Synthesis and Applications

About the Author

Valentin M. Kindomihou, Ph.D. (ULB-Belgium, 2005) is applied ecologist and Associate Professor of Animal Production and Agrostology at The UAC (Benin), holding an Agricultural Engineer degree (Benin, 1995), MBA in Environmental Management (Niger, 1999), MS in Plant Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (Belgium, 2001) and Matsumae International Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow’ Medal (Japan, 2006). His main field research is Grass and Forage Science while teaching courses including Forage Management and Ecophysiology, Agroforestry for Animal Production, Ecological Foundations and Environmental Issues for sustainable development, and Methods for studying Animal Breeding Systems. His research had resulted in over 75 publications. To learn more, visit:  https://www.leabenin-fsauac.net/en/profiles/valentin-kindomihou

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Elie Antoine PADONOU


  • Lecturer, School of Tropical Forestry, National University of Agriculture
  • Interested in research questions on land degradation, restoration and resilience of forest systems
  • Reviewer of African Journal of Ecology, Land degradation and development, Global Environmental Change 


01 B.P. 526 Cotonou, Benin

Cell: (229) 97 21 25 86

Fax: (229) 21 30 30 84

E-Mail: [email protected]


  • Ph.D., PhD in Agronomic Sciences, Option Management of Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, 2015
  • Diploma of Master of Sciences, Option Management of Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, 2011
  • Diploma of Agricultural Engineer (Planning and Management of Natural Resources), Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, 2009


Land degradation and restoration, Applied Ecology, Agroforestry, Agronomy, Ecological Restoration, Ecological Statistics, Forest Conservation, Forest Ecology, Forest Management, Landscape Ecology, Non-Timber Forest Products Assessment, Plant Biodiversity and Conservation, Plant Ecology, Sacred forest Management Assessment.




  • National research projects (PIFSAP, PAPDFGC, TCP/BEN/3502)
  • EU research projects (UNDESERT)
  • Bilateral projects: Denmark (QUALITREE, TreeFood)


  • Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
  • Society for Ecological Restoration International. Tucson AZ 85701, USA
  • African Academy of Sciences (AAS)


  • Nominate in African Academy of Sciences (AAS) Affiliate for 2017-2021
  • African-German Network of Excellence in Science (AGNES) Grant for Junior Researchers
  • Nominate in National University of Agriculture in Benin as teacher and researcher
  • Nominated as expert for the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Target 3: land degradation and restoration


Impact Factor Journals

Padonou, E.A., Lykke, A.M., Bachmann, Y., Idohou, R., Sinsin, B. 2017. Mapping changes in land use/land cover and prediction of future extension of bowé in Benin, West Africa. Land Use Policy 69: 85–92.

Padonou, E.A., Tovissodé, F.C., Idohou, R., Salako, V.K., Fantondji, L., Vihotogbé, R., Fandohan, B., Assogbadjo, A.E. 2017. Pilot assessment of locally acknowledged morphotypes of Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte) Baill. in southwestern Benin (West Africa). Fruits 72(5), 306–316.

Inoussa, M.M., Padonou, E.A., Lykke, A.M., Kakaï, R.G., Bakasso, Y., Mahamane, A., Saadou, M. 2017. Contrasting population structures of two keystone woodland species of W National Park, Niger. South African Journal of Botany112, 95-101.

Idohou, R., Peterson, A. T., Assogbadjo, A. E., Vihotogbe, R. L., Padonou, E., Kakaï, R. G. 2016. Identification of potential areas for wild palm cultivation in the Republic of Benin through remote sensing and ecological niche modeling. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 1-11.

Padonou, E.A., Bachmann, Y., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Lykke, A.M., Sinsin, B. 2015. Spatial distribution of bowaland differences in physicochemical characteristics between bowal and woodland soils in West Africa (Benin). Catena 124: 45-52.

Padonou E.A., Teka O., Bachmann Y., Schmidt M., Lykke A.M., Sinsin B., 2015. Using species distribution models to select species resistant to climate change for ecological restoration of bowé in West Africa. African Journal of Ecology. 1-10.

Padonou, E.A., Fandohan, B., Bachmann, Y., and Sinsin, B. 2014. How farmers perceive and cope with bowalization: a case study from West Africa. Land Use Policy 36: 461-467.

Padonou, E.A., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Assogbadjo, A.E., Fandohan, B., Chakeredza, S., Sinsin, B. 2014 Natural variation in fruit characteristics and seed germination of Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae). Journal of Horticulural Sciences and Biothecnology 89: 69-73.

Padonou, E.A., Kassa, B., Assogbadjo, A.E., Babatoundé, S., Glèlè Kakaï, R. 2013. Differences in germination capacity and seedling growth between different seed morphotypes of Afzelia africana Sm. species in Benin (West Africa). Journal of Horticulural Sciences and Biothecnology 88: 679-684.

 Padonou, E.A., Assogbadjo, A. E., Bachmann, Y., and Sinsin, B. 2013. How far bowalization affects phytodiversity, life forms and plant morphology in Sub-humid tropic in West Africa. African Journal of Ecology 51: 255-262.

Indexed Peer Review Journals without impact factor

Akabassi, G.C., Padonou, E.A., Chadare F.J., Assogbadjo, A.E. 2017. Importance ethnobotanique et valeur d’usage de Picralima nitida (stapf) au Sud-Bénin (Afrique de l’Ouest).  International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 11(5): 1979-1993

Atanasso, J.A., Chadare, F.J., Padonou, E.A., Ahouansinkpo, E., Koura, K., Houehanou, T., Assogbadjo, A.E.,  Glele Kakaï, R., . Sinsin, B. 2017. Habitats and utilizations of Lippia multiflora Moldenke: local perception of four ethnic groups from Benin (West Africa). Agronomie Africaine 29 (2): 111-120.

Glèlè Kakaï R., Salako V.K., Padonou E.A., Lykke A.M. 2016. Méthodes statistiques multivariées utilisées en écologie. 2015. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques 19(1): 9-26.

Strandberg B., Lykke A.M., Padonou E.A. 2016. Méthodes d’estimation objective du recouvrement de la Végétation et de la biomasse herbacées. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques 19(1): 1-7.

Mcghee W., Saigle W., Padonou E. A., Lykke A.M. 2016. Méthodes de calcul de la biomasse et du carbone des arbres en Afrique de l’Ouest. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques 19(1) : 29-48.

Padonou, E.A., Ahossou, O.D., Okou, F.O.Y., Assogbadjo, A.E., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Lykke, A.M., Sinsin, B. 2015. Impact of climate on seed morphology and plant growth of Caesalpinia bonduc L. in West Africa. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 6: 86-96.

Padonou, E.A., Assogbadjo, A.E., Glele Kakaï, R., Lykke, A.M., Sinsin, B., Axelsen, J. 2015. Investigations of on farm seedling productivity of the rare and declining Caesalpinia bonduc in Benin (West Africa) by aid of simulation modelling. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 6: 116-131.

Agoyi E.E., Assogbadjo A.E., Padonou E.A., Glèlè Kakaï R., Sinsin B. 2015. Morphological variation, cultivation techniques and management practices of Moringa oleifera in southern Benin (West Africa). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 6: 97-105.

Padonou E.A., Aristide Adomou C., Bachmann Y., Lykke A.M., Sinsin B., 2014. Vegetation Characteristics of Bowé in Benin (West Africa). Journal of Plant Sciences 2: 250-255. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140205.27

Padonou, E.A., Kindomihou, M.V., Djègo, J. G., Sinsin, B.A. 2012. Diversity of Medicinal Plants and Preliminary Parameterization of their Uses in Benin (Western Africa). Journal of Asian Scientific Research2: 212-220.

Book Chapters

Yo, T., Adanguidi, J., Zannou, A., Padonou, E. 2018. Évaluation des besoins en bois des populations au niveau des zones de mangroves des sites Ramsar 1017 et 1018.  FAO, Bénin. ISBN: 978-92-5-130305-4 (FAO-Bénin)

Sinsin, B., Assogbadjo, A.E., Tente, B., Yo, T., Adanguidi, J., Lougbegnon, T., Ahouansou, S., Sogbohossou, É., Padonou, E., Agbani, P. 2018. Inventaire floristique et faunique des écosystèmes de mangroves et des zones humides côtières du Bénin. FAO & Laboratoire d’Écologie Appliquée, Bénin. ISBN 978-92-5-103148-7 (FAO-Bénin)

Padonou E.A., Lykke A.M., Bachmann Y., Sinsin B. 2015. Bowalization: its impact on soil, biodiversityand human livelihoods in West Africa. In advanced in Environmental Research. Nova Science publication. 40: 187-198.

Assogbadjo A.E., Padonou E.A. 2015. The tree of life. In: Hegan A. Eds: No more endlings. Saving species one story at a time. Pp.153-158.