“Sorghum: Properties, Synthesis and Applications”, Book Edited By Prof Valentin M. Kindomihou at Nova Science Publishers, in New York, USA

Abstract

The applications of sorghum, which have significant impacts on human and animal development, have recently increased. This book includes chapters derived from original research and the synthesis of current knowledge on specific topics in the field. It is an original collection of research findings or summaries of articles from around the world that are part of discussions on the status of sorghum and its applications in various areas of development. This volume addresses physiological, ecological, functional and genetic foundations of sorghum through the examination of theories and case studies that explain various properties, synthesis and applications. The chapters address, respectively, sorghum attributes, heterosis association and molecular mapping for grains traits, ecophysiology, reproductive competence, molecular mechanism of flowering time control, sensory and nutritional properties, mechanisms involved in allelochemical biosynthesis, and applications of bioactive compounds, i.e., polyphenolic and acidic phenolics.

This book offers essential approaches including: (i) A generic and rapid way to combine the diversity of single nucleotide polymorphisms with heterosis, which facilitates the dissection of the molecular mechanisms underlying the quality and quantity of grains in an important sorghum crop; (ii) the principles and processes of extrusion in order to obtain grains of good sensory and nutritional characteristics; (iii) the indicators in assessing the role of sorghum as a source of energy in the productivity of poultry farming systems; and (iv) some characteristics of root and foliar responses to water stress of a genotype amenable to genetic modification. It also makes a sweeping analysis concerning the progress of current research in the floral transition of sorghum and the photoperiod response.

The final chapter highlights the importance of bioactive compounds of sorghum species, mainly in fighting diseases related to human nutrition. Case studies from around the world were reported, giving readers a real view of the extent of sorghum properties along with real-world applications. This book can be used as a reference for students, scholars, professionals and political decision-makers involved in the study and management of sorghum.

This book gives to readers a real view of the extent of sorghum properties along with real-world applications strategies. It provides references to students, scholars, professionals and political decision- makers involved in the study and management of properties, synthesis and applications of sorghum.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Properties, Synthesis and Applications of Sorghum: The Manna behind the Rustic?
(Valentin Missiakô Kindomihou, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin)

Chapter 2. Heterosis Association Mapping for Grain Quality and Yield Related Traits Quantity in Sorghum Bicolor Diallel Implicates the Prevalence of Dominance Complementation
(Imri Ben-Israel, Dhruv Aditya Srivastava, Chengsong Zhu, Habte Nida, Jianming Yu, Eyal Fridman, Plant Sciences Institute, Volcani Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Bet Dagan, Israel, and others)

Chapter 3. Characterization of the Root, Biomass, Leaf, and Protein Content of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and Corn (Zea mays L.) Grown under Two Different Water Conditions
(Roland A. Yaovi Holou and Valentin M. Kindomihou, Biochemistry Department, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Photoperiodism and Control of Flowering Time in Sorghum
(Tezera W. Wolabu and Million Tadege, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Institute for Agricultural Biosciences, Oklahoma State University, OK, US)

Chapter 5. Physicochemical and Nutritional Properties of Whole White Grain Sorghum Extruded under Different Extrusion Conditions
(Emilce E. Llopart and Silvina R. Drago, Instituto de Tecnología de Alimentos, CONICET, Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina)

Chapter 6. The Use of Sorghum as an Energy Source in Poultry Diets
(Monnye Mabelebele, Rob Mervyn Gous, Helen Victoria Massey O’Neil and Paul Ade Iji, University of South Africa, College of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Florida Campus, Rooderport, Johannesburg, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 7. Applications of Bioactive Compounds from Sorghum Species
(Monica Butnariu and Alina Butu, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, Timis, Romania, and others)

 

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Sorghum: Properties, Synthesis and Applications

About the Author

Valentin M. Kindomihou, Ph.D. (ULB-Belgium, 2005) is applied ecologist and Associate Professor of Animal Production and Agrostology at The UAC (Benin), holding an Agricultural Engineer degree (Benin, 1995), MBA in Environmental Management (Niger, 1999), MS in Plant Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (Belgium, 2001) and Matsumae International Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow’ Medal (Japan, 2006). His main field research is Grass and Forage Science while teaching courses including Forage Management and Ecophysiology, Agroforestry for Animal Production, Ecological Foundations and Environmental Issues for sustainable development, and Methods for studying Animal Breeding Systems. His research had resulted in over 75 publications. To learn more, visit:  http://www.leabenin-fsauac.net/en/profiles/valentin-kindomihou

About the Publisher, Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Founded in 1985 in New York, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. has become one of the leading STM (Scientific, Technical, and Medical) publishers worldwide. Their publications include printed (hardcover and softcover) and electronic Books, Journals, Conference Proceedings, Handbooks, Encyclopedias, Edited Collections and Series Collections. Currently, NOVA publishes over a thousand new books every year by scientists from the top universities and colleges from around the world.

NOVA has remained at the forefront of academic publishing as a company that embraces the best practices and technology to deliver unique science books, journals, series and eBooks. Their transition into the exciting world of online publications was a seamless and natural integration, an extension of their vision to publish the best works by outstanding scientists worldwide, and to make them accessible to as many people as possible.

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About LEA

Welcome to the Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA) at the University of Abomey Calavi (UAC) in Benin Republic (West Africa)

Created by Professor Brice Sinsin in 1994, the Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA) is part of the Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FSA) at the University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) in Benin Republic (West Africa). Initially, its activities had been conducted within the Section of Applied Ecology and Aquaculture Products (SEAPA) of the FSA/UAC.

The Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA) has two offices: one located on the first floor of the building of the Institute of Advanced Biomedical Sciences (ISBA), at the fairgrounds (Campus of the Faculty of Health Sciences – FSS/UAC), Cotonou, and the other at the university campus of Abomey-Calavi. The LEA has computer equipment including several computers, printers, freezers for the conservation of seeds, lab equipment and important documentation on natural resources and environment.  As of 2010, the annual budget of the lab is over $40,000. Some of the services provided by the lab include:

  • thematic maps using Geographical Information Systems
  • satellite image processing
  • design and printing of posters
  • scientific consultation on biodiversity and environment
  • etc.

Led by Professor Brice Sinsin, Ex Rector or Chancellor of the University of Abomey-Calavi (2012-2017), the Laboratory of Applied Ecology is one of the most advanced research institutions in natural resources in Africa. Activities at the LEA deal with capacity building through training and advanced research on applied ecology, etc. Since its creation, the LEA has attracted countless PhD, MS, BS students, visitors and partners across the globe. Scientific research at the LEA has resulted in hundreds of scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals, books, and conference proceedings.

As of 2018, some of the research projects the LEA has completed and/or has been involved in are:

  • land use and land degradation,
  • biodiversity and climate change,
  • carbon stock measurement and monitoring of carbon sequestration,
  • agriculture productivity and capacity building in organic agriculture,
  • ethnobotany and new crops development,
  • management of agroforestry systems,
  • ecological restoration of degraded land,
  • conservation and sustainable management of wild palms,
  • management of Non Timber Forests Products,
  • management of protected areas (National Parks, hunting zones, community conservation areas),
  • monitoring of wildlife,
  • red list of threatened plants and wildlife,
  • sustainable management of natural resources,
  • grassland ecology,
  • domestication of fodder and food tree species in Africa,
  • land and watershed restoration’
  • organic agriculture research and training,
  • bioenergy development,
    nutrient management,
  • planning and management of rangelands and protected areas,
  • monitoring of endemic and/or threatened flora and fauna species,
  • and much more.

 

Some of the major achievements of the LEA are:

  • climate change, vulnerability assessment and natural/climatic risk management in the coastal area of Benin,
  • conservation and management of several forest genetic resources in Benin (e.g: Adansonia digitata , Blighia sapida, Caesalpinia bonduc, Irvingia gabonensis, Pentadesma butyracea, Sclerocarya birrea, Tamarindus indica, Borassus aethiopum, Raphia sudanica, Dialium guineense, etc.),
  • management of several agroforestry systems involving medicinal plants in Northern Benin (e.g Community gardens of Papatia, Monts Kouffé, forest reserve, etc.),
  • ecological restoration of many degraded areas (e.g. Lama forest reserve and Swampy forest of Lokoli in Southern Benin; semi decidious forest of Bassila and Wari Maro in Northern Benin; etc.),
  • management of protected areas in Benin (e.g. Biosphere Reserve of Pendjari and W in Northern Benin, Trois Rivières forests reserves, Goungoun and Sota forests in Northern Benin, Lama forest reserve in Southern Benin, etc.),
  • Red list of threatened plants and wildlife in Benin (IUCN Red Book of Benin),
  • remote sensing and mapping of vegetation (Swampy Forest of Lokoli, Dense Forest of Lama; Biosphere Reserves of Pendjari and W; etc.),
  • atlas of biodiversity of Benin,
  • etc.

 

To learn more about us, you may also want to visit  the following links:

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Cooperations

Director of the Lab: Prof Brice Sinsin

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  • Cascade de Tanongou (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Bâtiment Professeur Nestor SOKPON (à droite), bâtiment des volontaires de l'UAC (à gauche). (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • FM Deve (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Building of the Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA). (Credit photo: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / LEA, Abomey-Calavi, Benin, October 2018)
    Building of the Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA). (Credit photo: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / LEA, Abomey-Calavi, Benin, October 2018)
  • Musée de Zoologie BIOTA et bâtiment Professeur Mama Adamou N'DIAYE. (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Odo Octhèrè (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Mare-Bali (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Vue globale des bâtiments du Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA). (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / LEA, Octobre 2018)
  • Lokoli (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Système Agroforestier à palmier à huile. (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Brousse tigrée (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Système agroforestier à Faidherbia albida. (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)
  • Vue globale des 5 bâtiments du Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA). (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / LEA, Octobre 2018)
  • Bâtiment Professeur Nestor SOKPON (en haut à gauche), bâtiment des volontaires (en bas à gauche), bâtiment Dr KASSA (à droite). (Photo credit: Dr Akomian Fortuné Azihou / Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA), Octobre 2018)