FANDOHAN Adandé Belarmain (2011). Conservation biology of Tamarindus indica (Fabaceae) in Benin, West Africa. University of Abomey-Calavi. Benin. ? pages.
Promotor: Prof. Brice SINSIN.
Abstract: My thesis in a contribution to domestication of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) using an interdisciplinary approach. My results has highlighted that tamarin dis an agroforestry fruit tree with a high socioeconomic value. In Benin its wild populations are confined to semi-arid zones whilst some planted individuals are observed in the subhumid area of the country. This species is better preserved in protected areas than in agroforestry parcs where its sustainable use requires assisted regeration. Ten traditional morphotypes have been described by locals and confirmed using quantitatif descriptors of fruits. Abiotic factors have a relative influence on its productivity, fruits traits and phenology. The analysis of the spatial patterns of tamarind tree in situ have suggested to consider 40 m radius patches using a 10 m x 10 m planting grid for establishing tamarind stands. Despite common association of termite mounds with tamarind trees in the wild, these insect structures are not necessary for them to grow.